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Whether There is Power in God?

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cf., Sent.I.D42.Q1.A1; SCG1.C16; SCG2.C7; QDePot.Q1.A1

Now that St. Thomas has covered those attributes that are purely immanent, he now discuses the power of God, which is concerned with the virtually transitive operations of God. 

The most important principle for understanding this entire question (and, most particularly, this article) is to understand the absurdly bad translation we have been given in English. Here ( one can find an alternative that is much better. 

In sum, there is one word that is used throughout, i.e., potentia and translated in a number of different ways (power, potency, potentiality, etc.), that confuses the argument and distinction of St. Thomas. 

Thus, for example, the first example makes no sense in English, "It seems that power is not in God. For as primary matter is to power, so God, who is the first agent, is to act. But primary matter, considered in itself, is devoid of all act. Therefore, the first agent—namely, God—is devoid of power."

What in the world does prime matter have to do with "power?" 

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