top of page

The Fourth Way

Thank you for subscribing to Annotated Thomist...check back each day for a new section of St. Thomas' corpus, annotated and summarized. (FREE TRIAL FOR NEW SUBSCRIBERS!!!)

AT is also available to donors of $10 or more on Patreon or SubscribeStar along with all of the other benefits (daily bonus videos, bonus articles, PDFs, etc.)

If you need more personalized help reading the Summa, I am available for 1-on-1 sessions, here.


If you remember any of these proofs, let it be the fourth. It is not the "most evident" as the first, or popular in the common mind as the fifth, but it is a rich compendium of mystic contemplation and the foundation for much of St. Thomas's theology on natural intelligence, beatitude, creation, law, and forms the foundation for deducing the remainder of the attributes.

I cannot stress enough how important the fourth way is. Yet, its importance is matched by its difficulty. First, the difficulty that is found in the statement of the argument by St. Thomas. Sadly, he is short and does not elaborate on the process of reasoning or many of the terms of the argument. Why does he do this? I have no idea.

Second, the difficulty that is intrinsic in the argument itself. While, we can imagine becoming, being, and contingency with (relative) ease, to contemplate participation and transcendental perfections are quite difficult.

Want to read more?

Subscribe to to keep reading this exclusive post.

24 views0 comments
bottom of page