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Whether the Justification of the Ungodly is the Remission of Sins?

Updated: Oct 6

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Link: https://aquinas.cc/la/en/~ST.I-II.Q113.A1


Collect: O God who hath created us, and more gloriously redeemed us, we thank you for your superabundant goodness, through Christ our Lord. Amen.


Summary

In the Sed Contra, St. Thomas provides Romans 8:30 for his dogmatic text, in his Commentary in Romans, he writes, "Predestination begins to be carried out with the calling of the person. This call is twofold: one is external and is made by the mouth of a preacher: she has sent out her maids to call from the highest places (Prov 9:3). In this way God called Peter and Andrew (Matt 4:18). The other call is internal and is nothing less than an impulse of the mind whereby a man’s heart is moved by God to assent to the things of faith or of virtue: who stirred up one from the east and called him to follow? (Isa 41:2)."


In the Respondeo, he begins by classifying justification within a genus, i.e., a movement, which is a change from one contrary to another. What specifies justification is that it is from sin to justice.

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