Thank you for subscribing to Annotated Thomist...check back each day for a new section of St. Thomas' corpus, annotated and summarized. (FREE TRIAL FOR NEW SUBSCRIBERS!!!)
If you need more personalized help reading the Summa, I am available for 1-on-1 sessions, here.
In this article, we get the "flip side" of what was asked in the previous one. Before, we were asking whether by any created powers intellectual creatures could see God. Now, we are asking what is thus needed to see the Divine essence?
When we consider the power of our intellects, we have a certain "natural light" which allows us to abstract universal forms from particulars that we bring in with our senses. Thus, in seeing an individual cat, we are able to abstract the form of cat.
Yet, when it comes to the Divine essence, as we spoke of previously, there is not a proportion between our intellectual power (or any created intellectual power) and the God as the intelligible form.