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Whether Grace is the Principle of Merit Through Charity Rather than the Other Virtues?

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Collect: "O my God, I love Thee above all things, with my whole heart and soul, because Thou art all good and worthy of all my love. I love my neighbor as myself for the love of Thee. I forgive all who have injured me, and ask pardon of all whom I have injured. Amen."


Link: https://aquinas.cc/la/en/~ST.I-II.Q114.A4


Summary


The Sed Contra is evident.


In the Respondeo, St. Thomas begins by drawing on the distinction he made earlier between the two causes of merit. On the part of the Divine ordination, it is chiefly from charity (as is evident from the texts cited). On the part of the will, it is chiefly from charity since the perfection of our wills is charity. This is confirmed by the nature of the life of the blessed chiefly consisting in the enjoyment of God, since this consists of charity.

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