Updated: Sep 28, 2022
Thank you for subscribing to Annotated Thomist...check back each day for a new section of St. Thomas' corpus, annotated and summarized. (FREE TRIAL FOR NEW SUBSCRIBERS!!!)
If you need more personalized help reading the Summa, I am available for 1-on-1 sessions, here.
Collect: O God who works in us not only to “inspire our soul,” but also to “help the soul so that it may be effective,” work in us to desire good, persevere in good, and finally to reach glory. Amen.
In the Sed Contra, he proves the conclusion on the the basis of two psalms. In his psalm commentary, he reiterates the proof (which gives insight into the doctrine), “In another place, he asked for those things which go before; here he asks for those which follow, and both are necessary, since those which come before are necessary to inspire the soul and those which follow to help the soul so that it may be effective.” (Psalm.Ps22.n205.5)
In the Respondeo, St. Thomas proves that there is prevenient and subsequent grace by analyzing the effects of grace. For, the distinction is something which is relative, not absolute. Therefore, if there is a difference in time of the effects of grace, we can name them such.