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Whether God is Everywhere by Essence, Presence and Power?

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In this article, St. Thomas specifies the way in which God is present to all things.


He begins by distinguishing the two ways in which some thing may be present to another.


First, it is present by way of an operator. Second it is present by way of an object. In the second way, God is present in the souls of those who have the theological virtues.


One may object that God is also known by way of natural theology. Yet, we ought to distinguish between formal and material object. For, the operations of the soul are specified by the formal object, as the eyes are specified by light. By way of formal object God is only present by grace, for, this is above the powers of any natural agent both actual and possible (a participation in the Divine knowledge and love are necessary by way of grace in order to carry out this).

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